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This image is now in the public domain in China because its term of copyright has expired. According to copyright laws of the
People's Republic of China (with legal jurisdiction in the mainland only, excluding
Hong Kong and
Macao) and the
Republic of China (currently with jurisdiction in
Matsu, etc.), all photographs and cinematographic works, and all works whose copyright holder is a
juristic person, enter the public domain 50 years after they were first published, or if unpublished 50 years from creation, and all other applicable works enter the public domain 50 years after the death of the creator. Important note: Works of foreign (non-U.S.) origin must be out of copyright or freely licensed in both their home country and the United States in order to be accepted on Commons. Works of Chinese origin that have entered the public domain in the U.S. due to certain circumstances (such as publication in noncompliance with U.S. copyright formalities) may have had their U.S. copyright restored under the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA) if the work was under copyright in its country of origin on the date that the URAA took effect in that country. (For the People's Republic of China, the URAA took effect on January 1, 1996. For the Republic of China (ROC), the URAA took effect on January 1, 2002.)
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This image was provided to Wikimedia Commons by the German Federal Archive (Deutsches Bundesarchiv) as part of a cooperation project. The German Federal Archive guarantees an authentic representation only using the originals (negative and/or positive), resp. the digitalization of the originals as provided by the Digital Image Archive.
This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication.
This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym between January 1, 1943 and January 1, 1946, and the name of the author did not become known during 70 years after publication.
This work is non-amateur cinema or television film (or shot, or fragment from it), which was first shown between January 1, 1929 and January 1, 1946.
This work is in the public domain in the
United States, because it was in the public domain in its home country (Russia) on the
URAA date (January 1, 1996).
 If the author of this work was subjected to repression and
rehabilitated posthumously, countdown of copyright protection began not from the death date, but from the rehabilitation date. If the work was first published posthumously, the copyright term is counted from the date of that first publication, unless the author was later rehabilitated, in which case it runs again from that later rehabilitation date.  Cinema films first shown before January 1, 1929 are subjects of points 1 and 2 of this template.
Public domainPublic domainfalsefalse
This file is a Ukrainian or Ukrainian SSR work and it is presently in the
Ukrainian copyright law of 1993 and the copyright term extension from 50 to 70 years in 2001.)
A Ukrainian or Ukrainian SSR work that is in the public domain in Ukraine according to this rule is in the public domain in the U.S. only if it was in the public domain in Ukraine before January 1, 1996, e.g. if it was published before January 1, 1946and the creator died before this date, and no copyright was registered in the U.S. (This is the combined effect of the retroactive , Ukraine's joining the
17 USC 104A with its critical date of January 1, 1996.)